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alphabetic knowledge -
Knowing the names and shapes of the letters of the alphabet
- The understanding that written letters represent sounds, for example, the word
has three sounds and three letters
- Putting together individual sounds to make spoken words
-Comprehension is the reader’s ability to understand, engage with, and think about the text.
- Books that are made up of words that contain only the letter-sound relationships that the children are learning, along with a few words that are taught as sight words
- The ability to recognize and read words by translating the letters into speech sounds to determine the word's pronunciation and meaning
developmental spelling (invented spelling)
-The use of letter-sound relationship information to attempt to write words
-The view that literacy learning begins at birth and is encouraged through participation with adults in meaningful reading and writing activities
- Print that is part of everyday life, such as signs, billboards, labels, and business logos
- Direct, structured, systematic teaching of a task
- The ability to read text accurately and quickly with expression
- Diagrams that visually represent the organization and relationships of ideas in a text
guided reading instruction-
a teaching approach designed to help individual readers build an effective system for processing a variety of increasingly challenging texts over time.
guided reading level-
a good indication of students’ reading level for i
independent reading level-
a book that can be read independently by a student, might be one or two levels lower than the guided reading level.
- Text that conveys information - this may include books, magazines, websites, directions, etc.
- Frequently used words that don't follow the letter-sound relationship rules that children are learning
- Books that have been assigned a particular level (usually a number or letter, such as Level 1 or Level B) intended to indicate how difficult the book is for children to read
- Includes all the activities involved in speaking, listening, reading, writing, and appreciating both spoken and written language
- The smallest parts of spoken language that combine to form words - For example, the word
is made up of three phonemes (/h/ /i/ /t/) and differs by one phoneme from the words
- The ability to hear and identify the individual sounds in spoken words
- The relationship between the sounds of spoken words and the individual letters or groups of letters that represent those sounds in written words
predictable books (pattern books)
- Books that have repeated words or sentences, rhymes, or other patterns
- Knowing about print and books and how they are used
- Taking spoken words apart sound by sound
- Sight words are words that good readers should instantly recognize without having to "figure them out”. Sight words cannot be decoded and must be learned by sight.
- A word part that contains a vowel or, in spoken language, a vowel sound (
- The words we must know in order to communicate effectively -
vocabulary refers to words that we use in speaking or recognize in listening.
vocabulary refers to words we recognize or use in print.
- The ability to identify printed words and to translate them into their corresponding sounds quickly and accurately so as to figure out their meanings