Phonemic Awareness

 

What is it?

Phonemic awareness is the understanding that spoken words are made up of individual sounds, which are called phonemes.  A child who is phonemically aware is able to isolate sounds, manipulate the sounds, blend and segment the sounds into spoken and written words.  

 

Activities to do at home:

Rhyming: 

Say two words and have the child give thumbs up if they hear a rhyme, or give the child a word and try to have them come up with a rhyming word.

 

Onset Fluency: 

Say a word and have the child identify the beginning sound.

 

Final and Medial Sounds: 

Say a word and have the child identify the ending sound (we are not working on medial sounds yet).

 

Blending (putting words together)

Say the word parts, child repeats the word parts and then says the whole word. Increase difficulty as the child demonstrates understanding.

Examples:

bath- tub = bathtub (begin with compound words)

c-ab= cab (continue with onsets and rimes)

r-u-n = run (finally work with individual phonemes)

 

Segmenting (breaking words apart)

Say the whole word, child repeats the whole word and then breaks it into parts.  Increase difficulty as the child demonstrates understanding.

Examples:

football = foot-ball (begin with compound words)

mud = m- ud (continue with onsets and rimes)

fun= f-u-n (finally work with individual phonemes)

 

Word identification

Count the number of words is a spoken sentence. Say the first line of a nursery rhyme (for example, Mary had a little lamb.) Then, using your fingers, count the words together. (Phonological awareness activity)